223 vs 3006: Which Ammo Is Best?

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It is no secret that the 223 Remington and 30-06 Springfield are two of the most popular cartridges used in hunting and target shooting. Both of these rounds have been around since the early 1900’s & have a long track record of great performance. In this post, we will compare and contrast the 30-06 vs 223 cartridges so that you can pick the best ammunition for your specific needs!

History Of .223 Ammo

picture of 223 remington ammo with yellow boarder

Just like most rounds, the .223 Remington was originally designed and manufactured for military purposes. This ammo was first produced in 1957 for the military-issued assault rifle Armalite AR-15. The cartridge itself is virtually identical to the .222 Remington Magnum. The length of the case is really the only significant difference!

Additionally, the Army & NATO adopted this round (the 5.56mm ball cartridge M193) as their official cartridge. Just like we saw in our analysis of the 223 Rem vs 17 WSM, this very versatile cartridge is lightweight and has proven effective for a variety of use cases in recent decades!

History Of 30-06 Ammo

picture of 30-06 springfield ammo with yellow boarder

In 1900, Springfield released the 30-03 cartridge that was widely touted for a flatter trajectory, high speeds, and lightweight design. However, just 6 years later they produced a brand-new design that was slightly lighter and shorter than the 30-03. The 30-06 cartridge was born!

For decades this rifle ammo was the most popular cartridge & was known for accuracy and reliability! This powerful cartridge has been used in just about every war since its invention. Nowadays, this ammo is most commonly used for long-range target shooting and accurate medium-range hunting. However, just like we saw with our comparison of 350 legend vs 6.5 grendel, not all rounds are great for all use cases.

In-Depth Comparison of 30-06 vs 223

Here are some of the main differences between 223 ammo vs 30-06.

1) Best Hunting Ammo: 223 vs 30-06

Both the 223 Rem and 30-06 Springfield can be used for hunting. However, they have different use cases. Just like we saw when comparing the 350 Legend vs 223 Rem, the 223 is not popular for large game hunting.

  • 30-06: Better for long range shooting and hunting medium to large game. When we compared the 303 british vs 30 06 rounds we came to the same conclusion!
  • .223 Rem: Smaller cartridge that is best for varmint hunting and other small game.

2) Long-Range Shooting Comparison

Both rounds can shoot accurately from medium to long range. However, the 30-06 should have less bullet drop over a longer distance which should make it superior for long range shooting. Some shooters will tell you they prefer the 223 Remington because it has less recoil than the 30-06. Just like we found in our experiments with 556 nato ammo, the range of a round plays an important role!

3) Stopping Power Comparison: 30-06 vs 223

The 30-06 has more stopping power and produces significantly more kinetic energy than the .223 Remington. Not as strong as Black Tip Ammunition, but strong enough! This is the main reason why the 30-06 is better suited for larger game hunting compared to the smaller .223. We also saw our post exploring what is the difference between 115 grain and 124 grain 9mm ammo how much of an effect that ammo weight has on stopping power and overall performance.

4) Ammo Availability

Ammo availability is always an important ranking factor amongst different types of cartridges. In fact, availability is one of the main reasons that 380 ammo is so expensive in today’s market.


In terms of ammo availability, I’ll call it a tie. The 30-06 round is still very popular and should be easy to find at just about any gun & ammo retailer. When we compared the 3006 vs 7.62 rounds we saw just how powerful the 30-06 was! However, in recent years gun and ammo demand has surged due to political changes. This has made ammo more difficult to come by. If you want to be prepared, order what you need far in advance.

Other Common Comparisons

1) 30-06 vs 308

For many shooters, the 30-06 has a nostalgic reputation & has been used in many wars. However, the 308 Winchester is no slouch! It was very popular in the Korean War and is still prevalent today. Compared to the 300 hamr vs 300 blackout, this is a much more lethal round.

The 308 Winchester has the advantage in terms of ballistics. It performs at least 15% better in terms of velocity, kinetic energy, and trajectory! It has a similar performance to the 338 norma vs lapua rounds that we previously tested!

2) 5.56 vs 30-06

The 30-06 is the larger and heavier round. It leaves the rifle with more muzzle energy and is capable of taking down large game. The 5.56 is more comparable to the 223 Remington & has a different profile and design altogether than the 30-06. Just like we saw when analyzing if you can shoot a 30-30 in 32 Special, you should not mismatch ammo. But the 5.56 and .223 are interchangeable!

3) 30-06 vs AR15

It is a common misconception that AR15s are more powerful than the 30-06. This rifle is nearly equal to most hunting rifles of similar calibers. However, the 30-06 is a big game hunting cartridge and is more powerful than an AR15.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is .223 not good for hunting?

The .223 is not good hunting ammo mainly because of its size and weight. This is a smaller & lighter round that does not have significant stopping power. Although you could potentially drop a small deer with a .223, it is not recommended! This round does not hit the target with enough energy to kill medium or large game.

What is the closest caliber to a 30-06?

The closest caliber to the 30-06 are the 7.62×51mm NATO/.308 Winchester rounds. These rounds offer a very similar performance and size compared to the 30-06.

What is a 30-06 caliber good for?

The 30-06 caliber is a great hunting round. The 150 grain round is a very popular cartridge for deer hunting. If you're interested in hunting larger game like moose, bear, and elk consider using the heavier 180 grain 30-06 round.

What caliber is 223 equal to?

The 223 Remington is nearly identical to the 5.56mm round. Both of these rounds can be chambered and fired in the same rifle! Remember, these are smaller rounds and are not made for hunting medium to large game!

How lethal is a 223 rifle?

A 223 rifle is lethal and capable of killing. It has been used for small game varmint hunting and self defense for many years. There are certainly more powerful rounds, but the 223 is a lethal rifle capable of inflicting damage.

The Bottom Line

By now, you should be an expert on the difference between the 223 Remington and 30-06 Springfield ammunition. These rounds are both very popular ammo calibers and have been for years. However, they are best used in different situations. Generally speaking, the 30-06 is a bigger round that can be used to hunt large game. The 223 Remington is a smaller-sized round that produces less recoil and is better suited for target shooting and small animals. The best ammo for you depends on your specific needs and use case!

About the author

Patrick Howard

I have been working as a gunsmith for 20 years. Rain, fog, moisture, high temperature, or even snow are all the things a product must withstand in order to be recommended by me.

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